Passports & Visas for the Caribbean Islands. Do you need a passport to go to the Caribbean?

Do you need a passport to go to the Caribbean

The Caribbean has a rich history of having the most incredible picturesque beaches and hosting tropical vacation destinations globally. Several US territories allow US citizens to travel without a passport. However, several of the tropical islands within the Caribbean require a passport to gain access to enjoy paradise.

Travel by Air

Access to the pristine beaches of the Caribbean is far easier than was the case a few years ago. There are direct flights into most of the major islands from the east coast of the US, namely from a state capital such as Miami, Atlanta, or New York, into the Virgin Islands, Bahamas, Saint Lucia, Antigua, and Barbuda, to name a few.

The west coast city of Los Angeles offers a non-stop flight to Belize. However, there are easy connections from the west coast into the Caribbean from the likes of Atlanta and Miami within a few hours. 

Belize, known for its stunning beaches, is an outstanding tropical getaway, lush with remarkable natural scenery and unlimited activities. 

When Required by a Foreign Country

Although United States (US) citizens traveling to most of the Caribbean cannot do so without a passport, they do not need to apply for a visa for short stay visits. All of the Caribbean islands, with one exception, allow US citizens to visit for between three to six months without a visa. 

Visa-free access and increased air access have allowed the Caribbean nations to compete with Hawaii as a top destination for US tourists, even though US citizens can travel to Hawaii without a passport. The only exception is Cuba, which requires a visa before traveling to the island. 

When You Don’t Need a Passport

Someone looking to have a quiet getaway or a tropical vacation that may not have a passport or whose passport is expiring has options to travel to tropical places such as US territories and leave the continental mainland of the United States. A driver's license, I.D. card, or other forms of government-issued identification, such as a birth certificate, may be used to gain access to other countries under the US territories. 

Traveling Between US Territories

Access to US territories is relatively easy for US citizens. Traveling to the capital city of Puerto Rico, San Juan, does not require a passport and can easily find flights via New York with forty-five flights per day or Miami with twenty-seven flights per day, making access to Puerto Rico a simple matter. Old San Juan, Puerto Rico offers excellent food, vibrant culture, and beautiful scenery that lures hundreds of thousands of tourists every year, making San Juan an excellent travel destination. 

Around twenty non-stop flights collectively from New York, Atlanta, and Miami into the US Virgin Islands, allowing visitors to enjoy the crystal clear waters, white-sand beaches, reefs for scuba diving, and snorkeling.

A growing number of US citizens continue to plan a trip to tropical places such as the US territory of Guam in the Northern Mariana Islands. Incredible seafood, stunning hiking trails, and beautiful beaches make the tiny islands an attractive destination for over 1.2 million tourists each year. Tourism accounts for around 60% of the annual revenue for Guam. 

Closed-loop Cruises

There are several cruises on offer for travelers looking for a longer but more equally enjoyable trip to the Caribbean with an ever changing view of some of the world’s most stunning tropical places. A closed-loop cruise allows you to sail to multiple dreamy islands during one trip. The most common closed-loop cruise will leave from the only living barrier reef in the continental US and "cruise" the turquoise waters of the Bahamas. 

The beauty of a closed-loop cruise is that guests do not need a passport to go to their destinations. A boarding pass and government photo I.D. will suffice to enjoy a day trip to the likes of Nassau in the Bahamas, Trunk Bay in the BVI, or Grand Turk in the Turks and Caicos Islands.

Membership in a Trusted Traveler Program

Becoming a member of a Trusted Traveler Program is another route to travel without needing to present a passport on arrival in many of the tiny Caribbean islands. Like traveling within a closed-loop cruise, a guest needs to show their boarding pass and a photo I.D. for a day trip. 

At times a member of the program is issued their unique membership card, which can act as a means of photo I.D. for entry by port authorities. 

Lawful Permanent Residents

Lawful Permanent Residents (LPRs) or Green Card holders cannot travel without a passport when directly visiting any US territories, even American Samoa. 

Other travel benefits for US LPRs include visa-free access to the Kingdom of the Netherlands in the Caribbean. This includes traveling to Aruba, Bonaire, Curacao, Saba, St Eustatius, and St Maarten without obtaining a visa. The British Virgin Islands (BVI, a British overseas territory) also allows visa-free access to the US LPRs. 

Outside of the Caribbean, Green Card holders have visa-free access to three countries in Eastern Europe's Balkans, including Albania, Montenegro, and North Macedonia. 

Mexican, Canadian, and Bermudian Citizens

North America's Mexican, Canadian and Bermudian citizens all have outstanding passports and a high level of visa-free access. Bermuda is a British Overseas Territory (BOTC), and citizens hold a special British nationality. 

Mexican citizens and passport holders do not have visa-free access to US territories and must apply for a tourist visa beforehand. The application process for a visa to Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, the US Virgin Islands, and the Northern Mariana Islands requires a standard US tourist visa application at a US embassy or consulate. 

However, the Mexican passport does provide visa-free access to the rest of the Caribbean, including the BVI, Cayman Islands, Grenada, Saint Kitts, and Nevis, to name a few.  

Like US citizens, Canadians do not need to apply for a tourist visa to visit any part of the Caribbean except for Cuba. The Canadian passport allows visitors to reside for three to six months, depending on which island paradise they visit. 

Bermudian citizens who hold a BOTC Bermudian passport have access to as many islands of the Caribbean without needing to acquire a visa beforehand such as Canada. The Bermudian BOTC passport is the only BOTC passport that allows citizens visa-free access to the US and its territories.  

No-Passport-Required Destinations

The top destinations for US citizens to visit that do not require their passports include Puerto Rico, located south of the USA and The Virgin Islands. The Virgin Islands include three main islands: St. Croix, St. Thomas, and St. John, all of which are blessed with white sand beaches and unique serenity.

US citizens do not need their passports to arrive in the Virgin Islands. St. Thomas's second largest island in the Virgin Islands is host to two large cruise liner terminals. More than half a million tourists use the terminals to visit the island for a day trip. They host magnificent restaurants offering great food, amazing coral reefs full of majestic sea turtles, the awe-inducing Virgin Islands National Park, and many more wonders that make it one of the world’s best tropical destinations. 

The Islands are known for their white sand beaches, fresh seafood, and colorful architecture. If shopping is something visitors desire, there is American influence in the High streets and Malls on St. Thomas and St. Croix, injecting luxury and an American vibe into wonderful tropical places. The cruise line terminal is a short walk from the shopping malls on St. Thomas near Charlotte Amalie.  

Alternatives to Passports

Passport Cards

The US Government is issuing passport cards to its citizens for travel to certain countries. The passport card cannot be used for international air travel. However, the passport card allows someone to gain entry into Canada, Mexico, Bermuda, and several other Caribbean countries if they arrive by sea or, if possible, land. 

The card is very convenient. Because of its size, the card fits into a wallet. The passport card may be used as appropriate identification for entry into the US and its territories regardless of the means of travel. 

The passport card may replace a passport book if security features can replicate those in a passport book. However, at this time, entry is possible only when arriving by land or sea.

Enhanced Driver’s Licenses and Enhanced I.D. Cards

The US Enhanced Driver's Licenses (EDLs) are additional proof of identification issued at a State level to gain entry to Canada, Mexico, Bermuda, and several other Caribbean countries if they arrive by sea or land.

The driver's license has a radio frequency identification chip that, when activated, pulls up the visitor's biographic and biometric data. 

American Indian Cards and Other Tribal ID

A Tribal identification card or American Indian card is another means to prove identification through enrollment and membership into the tribe. 

The tribal-issued I.D. cards are a valid form of federally recognized identification and gain access to Canada, Mexico, Bermuda, and several Caribbean islands via land and sea. However, unfortunately, some places are unaware of the status of the I.D. 

The Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative is pushing a knowledge-building initiative on all alternative forms of enhanced I.D. to prove citizenship status.  

Alternative Documents for Children

If a child does not have a US passport, they can travel using a Child Travel Consent document. The form shows that the child has permission to travel without one (or either) parent. The document should be notarized or witnessed by a government official to avoid issues on arrival at the final destination. 

An additional document to carry for children is the proof of relationship with their child. A birth certificate, court order, or adoption papers to show proof of relationship.

Parents may obtain a non-driver I.D. card for their children under sixteen. It is not possible to use these I.D.s for international travel. 

Other Important Documents

Besides the proof of identification, a traveler should carry or have easy access to show essential documents such as travel insurance, itinerary, bookings for hotels or guest houses, and bank statements for proof of funds. 

Having these documents readily available at port entries will make the immigration process easier and faster to explore the top destinations of the Caribbean. 


US citizens do not need a visa to enter the Caribbean, Canada, or Mexico. The only country in the region which requires a visa for entry in Cuba. The process is more accessible than one would think, and refusal rates are very low for general tourists wanting to explore the island. 

Proof of Vaccination

In more recent times, visitors must show their proof of vaccination to gain entry into certain countries legally. The proof is accepted digitally or in paper form. The World Health Organization has released guidelines on the technical specifications and implementation of digital vaccination certificates.

Travelers should also be aware that not all vaccines have been approved globally and need to ensure their vaccine is cleared in the country they are visiting. 


US citizens and LPRs in the US have several choices in exploring the tropical paradise of the Caribbean. The ability to do so with little hassle has improved tourist numbers across all islands. Access via air travel has increased the number of flights per day as tourism numbers have increased. This offers the ability to relax at beach resorts, scuba dive in the turquoise waters and living coral reefs, or paddleboard to get incredible views of the island coastline and tropical forests. 

Access to the islands on cruise liners offers the opportunity to casually get to various tropical places in the Caribbean and enjoy day trips to explore hiking trails off the beaten path, great seafood, local cultures, and, of course, high street shopping. 

US territories are a popular island destination for continental US citizens. The American influence in the Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico is evident, with millions of travelers visiting the  Caribbean US territories each year. 

Alternatives to traveling with a passport are a growing trend in the region for tourism. US citizens can travel to Mexico, Canada, and the Caribbean without passports if arriving by land or sea. Enhanced I.D. cards are an increasingly accepted legal document for international travel. This trend is likely to continue, and a passport card may be accepted for travel by air in the future. 

Overall, the stringent requirements of international travel are reduced year after year. The ability to explore other countries is continuously growing as authorities, and international organizations continue to innovate.